Prenatal care includes regular visits to a doctor or other healthcare provider to check on the health of a pregnant woman. These visits help ensure the pregnancy goes smoothly and that both mother and child are healthy after the birth.
Unfortunately, many women cannot access this vital service due to barriers, including geography, culture, and socioeconomic status. This article will discuss three initiatives to address these challenges and improve maternal health outcomes.
Preventing Birth Defects
Thanks to advanced ultrasound technology, many congenital disabilities are detectable in the womb. These tests can help your doctor assess your baby’s health and determine if medical attention is necessary.
Prenatal care Berkeley CA is most effective when women access it early and throughout pregnancy. It can improve health outcomes for mothers and babies, especially those at higher risk of poor pregnancy results. Interventions that increase access to prenatal care, such as Medicaid expansion, have improved outcomes.
Traditionally, prenatal care is provided by an accredited healthcare provider (doctor, nurse or midwife) with extensive training in identifying and managing common pregnancy complications. However, research shows that group prenatal care models can be equally effective and provide additional benefits. These include providing educational material, verbal screening for alcohol, tobacco and drug use and connections to community-based supports for pregnant women.
Preventing Preterm Birth
Pregnancy is a time of rapid development in both a woman and her baby. But if not monitored properly, these developments can result in complications like low birth weight and preterm delivery. Prenatal care allows doctors to spot problems in pregnancy, such as anemia and gestational diabetes, then prescribe the proper treatment.
At early prenatal visits, a doctor will take your blood and urine samples and perform a pelvic exam and Pap test. She will also ask about your medical history, including previous pregnancies and any diseases in the family.
In addition to screening for potential health problems, your OB-GYN or midwife will provide nutritional information to help your body prepare for childbirth. She will also discuss the birthing process with you, helping you feel more at ease when the big day comes. She can also help you find community-based programs that will guide you through your pregnancy.
Preventing Low Birth Weight
Prenatal care helps a mother stay healthy throughout the pregnancy, which benefits her baby. Women who don’t receive prenatal care are three times more likely to give birth to low-birth-weight babies and five times more likely to die from complications of pregnancy and childbirth.
At the first prenatal visit, a healthcare provider reviews the mother’s medical history and does a pelvic exam to determine how far along she is. She also orders blood and urine tests. These can help detect infections like hepatitis B, syphilis, gonorrhea and chlamydia and test for certain fetal genetic conditions, such as Down syndrome.
Getting prenatal care early in the pregnancy allows doctors to spot and treat health problems that may interfere with a good outcome, such as anemia or gestational diabetes. The provider can also advise the mother about the right nutrition for the pregnancy. Nutrients from a woman’s food are passed to her baby through the placenta, so she needs to eat the right things, not junk foods high in sugar and fat.
Preventing Breastfeeding Issues
Women need prenatal care to keep them healthy and their babies safe. During these visits, doctors will monitor the fetus, test for possible issues, and give advice on things like diet and exercise. They will also help with any questions the mother has.
Pregnant women attend regular prenatal care visits to a doctor, nurse or midwife throughout their pregnancy. These appointments are usually scheduled every four weeks during the first trimester, then every two weeks in the second trimester and then weekly in the third trimester. During these visits, the doctor will check the fetus’s and mother’s health, including weight and blood pressure.
During antenatal care, trained health personnel can teach the mothers-to-be about healthy behaviors, better understand warning signs during pregnancy and childbirth, and offer counseling on the social and emotional aspects of pregnancy and childbearing. They can also provide:
- Micronutrient supplementation.
- Treatment for hypertension and eclampsia.
- Immunization against tetanus and malaria.